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The aspect ratio of gold nanorods as a cytotoxicity factor on Raphidocelis subcaptata.
NOGUEIRA, Patricia Franklin Mayrink; MARANGONI, Valeria Spolon; ZUCOLOTTO, Valtencir.
Abstract: Gold nanorods (AuNRs) are promising nanoscale materials for several technological and biomedical applications. The physicochemical properties of AuNRs, including size, shape and surface features, are crucial factors affecting their cytotoxicity. In this study, we investigated the effects of different aspect ratios of AuNRs (1.90, 2.35, 3.25 and 3.50) at concentrations of 2 and 10 µg mL-1 on their cytotoxicity and cellular uptake in green algae Raphidocelis subcaptata. The experiment was performed in oligotrophic freshwater medium in a growth chamber with constant agitation of 80 rpm under controlled conditions (120 µEm-2s-1 illumination; 12:12h light dark cycle and constant temperature of 22 ± 2 °C). The algal growth was monitored daily for 96 h via electronic absorbance scanning at 600-750 nm. Oxidative stress, cell viability and autofluorescence were evaluated using a flow cytometer. Oxidative stress quantified by loading cultures with the fluorescent dye 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate. To assess algal cell viability, propidium iodide was selected as the fluorescent probe. Our results indicated that the aspect ratio of AuNRs mediates their biological effects in green algae R. subcaptata. A positive correlation between oxidative stress and increase of aspect ratio was found at concentration of 10 µg mL-1. Higher cytotoxicity and mortality were observed for algae incubated with higher aspect ratios AuNRs (3.50). These findings may be useful to understand the impact of the AuNRs in aquatic environments, contributing to ecosystem management and nanomaterials regulation.
Environmental Research
v. 191, p. 110133-1-110133-7 - Ano: 2020
Fator de Impacto: 5,715
    @article={003005726,author = {NOGUEIRA, Patricia Franklin Mayrink; MARANGONI, Valeria Spolon; ZUCOLOTTO, Valtencir.},title={The aspect ratio of gold nanorods as a cytotoxicity factor on Raphidocelis subcaptata},journal={Environmental Research},note={v. 191, p. 110133-1-110133-7},year={2020}}