Abstract

Probing thermal fluctuations through scalar test particles.
CAMARGO, Guilherme H. S.; DE LORENCI, Vitorio A.; FERREIRA JUNIOR, Alexsandre Leite; RIBEIRO, Caio Cesar Holanda.
Abstract: The fundamental vacuum state of quantum fields, related to Minkowski space, produces divergent fluctuations that must be suppressed in order to bring reality to the description of physical systems. As a consequence, negative vacuum expectation values of classically positive-defined quantities can appear. This has been addressed in the literature as subvacuum phenomenon. Here it is investigated how a scalar charged test particle is affected by the vacuum fluctuations of a massive scalar field in D + 1 spacetime when the background evolves from empty space to a thermal bath, and also when a perfectly reflecting boundary is included. It is shown that when the particle is brought into a thermal bath it gains an amount of energy by means of positive dispersions of its velocity components. The magnitude of this effect is dependent on the temperature and also on the field mass. However, when a reflecting wall is inserted, dispersions can be positive or negative, showing that subvacuum effect happens even in a finite temperature environment. Furthermore, a remarkable result is that temperature can even improve negative velocity fluctuations. The magnitude of the residual effects depends on the switching interval of time the system takes to evolve between two states.
European Physical Journal C
v. 81, n. 5, p. 424-1-424-13 - Ano: 2021
Fator de Impacto: 4,389
    @article={003029909,author = {CAMARGO, Guilherme H. S.; DE LORENCI, Vitorio A.; FERREIRA JUNIOR, Alexsandre Leite; RIBEIRO, Caio Cesar Holanda.},title={Probing thermal fluctuations through scalar test particles},journal={European Physical Journal C},note={v. 81, n. 5, p. 424-1-424-13},year={2021}}

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